MLA & APA for Beginners

In-text citation


Example 1 — (Marcuse 197)

Example 2 with direct quote  — “Margaret had never spoken of Helstone since she left it” (Gaskell 100).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.


Example 1 — (Marcuse, 1975, p. 197)

Example 2 with direct quote — One study found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 85).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.


For Books:

  • MLA – Marcuse, Sibyl.  A Survey of Musical Instruments.  New York:  Harper, 1975.
  •  APA – Marcuse, S.  (1975).  A survey of musical instruments.  New York:  Harper and Row.

 For Internet:

  • Author. “Internet article title”.  Publisher.  Date of Article.  Date Accessed.  <address of article>

Chan, Amanda.  “Exercise Makes You Happy – It’s Science”.  The Huffington Post  09 February 2012. 11 December 2014.  <web address>

Make-up activity for Grade 8 Joy for the missed quiz (Sept 2014)

KNOWLEDGE (10 points) – Identification

1.  If you were to choose a general subject area for your topic, to WHOM would you go to ask for or consult on what topic can be a possible choice for your paper?

2.  Aside from academicians and teachers,who else can be a possible resource for choosing a topic and why?  (Clue: People not working in school)

3.  Give a strategy/tool found in books that may be used in choosing a topic.

4.  This resource contains general background information on a topic.  What kind of written material is this?

5.  Give 2 limiters for choosing a topic.

PROCESS – 30 points total

10 points for each Freewriting activity.  Here’s what to do:

1. CHOOSE A 5-7 MINUTE TEDX VIDEO FEATURING ANY KIND OF RESEARCH (there are a lot in Youtube and on the TEDX website).  Give the title and the speaker/researcher and why you chose that topic.

2. Make a paragraph using the FREEWRITING STRATEGY about the topic and what you learned about the topic from the video. (10 pts)

3.  Make a CONCEPT MAP about the topic in the video and it’s subtopics along with the information or facts given. (10 pts)

4.  Make a LIST (minimum of 7-8 facts) using the LISTING STRATEGY out of the topic.  Cross out the ones that are too broad. (10 points)

You may email your answers to Thank you.

TedX Video

Make up activity for film showing
▶Title of the Video

▶Date of the Talk

▶Name of the Speaker

▶Background of the Speaker
•What does he/she do?
•Specific field of expertise (you may search the net to get the speaker’s background)
•From what institution does the speaker come from                     
•Length of time that the speaker has worked on that topic or field

Why did you choose this topic?

What made you interested in it?

Main points of the Video and discuss each one of them

How did the speaker come up
with his conclusions?

What did he/she do?

Give 2 questions that came to your mind after watching the video.

What are the lessons and insights that you learned after watching it?

How can it be applied to your life personally or as a student?

Share your insights with the class on Friday.