Research Skills

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Important Announcement {dated 15 December 2014}

For those who were absent, please drop by the Alumni Center to get a copy of the handout given last Thursday and Friday.

For those who have questions re: the citation format, please drop by the office to clarify and discuss how to do it. Thank you.

For those who have not submitted their essays (GRADE 8 PEACE), please leave them inside the envelope posted outside the office. Thank you.

God bless you guys as you study for all your exams!

Exercises for In-text Citation

Identify the CORRECT and INCORRECT format of citation*

*This will come out in the periodical exam.  FYI.

APA

_________ 1. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation. (Dewey, 1934, p. 60)”

_________ 2. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation” (Dewey, 1934, p. 60).

_________ 3. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation (Dewey, 1934, p. 60)”.

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MLA

_________ 1. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation” (Dewey 60).

_________ 2. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation (Dewey, 60)”.

_________ 3. “The junction of the new and old is not a mere composition of forces, but is a re-creation in which the present impulsion gets form and solidity while the old, the ‘stored,’ material is literally revived, given new life and soul through having to meet a new situation. (Dewey 60)”

In-text citation samples for MLA and APA with direct quote

APA 

One study found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 85).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.

**Source: Penn State Universities Libraries 

MLA

Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.

Source:  Purdue University Online Writing Lab

Samples (Correct and Incorrect citation format)

MLA 

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3).CORRECT – period is after the parentheses and quotation marks are before the parentheses

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals (Burke 3).” – INCORRECT – quotation marks should be before the parentheses

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals”. (Burke 3) – INCORRECT – Period is after the quotation marks instead of after the parentheses.

APA

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner” (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27).  — CORRECT – period is after the parentheses and the quotation marks are before the parentheses

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner”. (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27) — INCORRECT – Period is after the quotation marks instead of after the parentheses.

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27).” – INCORRECT – quotation marks should be before the parentheses

HOW TO CITE AN ELECTRONIC/INTERNET ARTICLE IN THE WORKS CITED PART USING THE MLA CITATION STYLE

HOW TO CITE AN ELECTRONIC/INTERNET ARTICLE IN THE WORKS CITED PART USING THE MLA CITATION STYLE

For Internet Articles
Author. “Internet Article Title”. Publisher  Date of Article. Date Accessed <web address>.

Example:

Chan, Amanda. “Exercise Makes Us Happy — It’s Science”. The Huffington Post  February 09, 2012. December 12, 2014 <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/09/exercise-happy-enthusiasm-excitement_n_1263345.html >.

Howard, Brian. “Drunken Trees: Dramatic Signs of Climate Change”. The National Geographic  April 17, 2014. December 12, 2014 <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/04/140417-drunken-trees-melting-permafrost-global-warming-science/ >.

BOOK TITLES FOR CITATION EXERCISES

BOOK TITLES FOR CITATION STYLE EXERCISES
*Important Note: Please remember to put a period at the end to your Works Cited format

Practice arranging these bibliographical information using the MLA and APA formats

1. Sachs, Jeffrey Penguin Books
The end of poverty: Economic possibilities for our time 2006
New York

2. Lee, Harper To kill a mockingbird 1982 New York Warner Books

3. The fault in our stars John Green Dutton Books New York 2012

4. Nicole Krauss 2005 The history of love Norton New York

5. William McNeill A World History Oxford University Press New York 1971