In-text citation samples for MLA and APA with direct quote

APA 

One study found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 85).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.

**Source: Penn State Universities Libraries 

MLA

Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).

*Take note that the period (.) is after the parentheses.

Source:  Purdue University Online Writing Lab

Samples (Correct and Incorrect citation format)

MLA 

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3).CORRECT – period is after the parentheses and quotation marks are before the parentheses

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals (Burke 3).” – INCORRECT – quotation marks should be before the parentheses

Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals”. (Burke 3) – INCORRECT – Period is after the quotation marks instead of after the parentheses.

APA

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner” (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27).  — CORRECT – period is after the parentheses and the quotation marks are before the parentheses

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner”. (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27) — INCORRECT – Period is after the quotation marks instead of after the parentheses.

“To most adequately address the needs of other learners, a teacher must first understand him/herself as a learner (Canella & Reiff, 1994, p. 27).” – INCORRECT – quotation marks should be before the parentheses

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